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UPDATED: Cuba’s Forgotten 51 Prisoners of Conscience

UPDATED: Cuba’s Forgotten 51 Prisoners of Conscience


This post was updated on March 22, 2016 at 1:00pm.

Since Fidel Castro’s 1959 Revolution, the communist regime of Cuba has deliberately sought to silence those who criticize or threaten the status quo of their dictatorship.  Some of these prisoners of conscience have been in jail for over 20 years. Others are continuously arrested detained, released, and rearrested as part of a cycle of intimidation and coercion intended to punish dissidents. During their detainment they are not given access to adequate medical care or family visitation, nor do they receive due process and a fair trial.

The Castro regime insists they hold no political prisoners. They attribute these detentions to common crimes and violations of Cuban law. Yet in 2015 alone, over 8,000 Cubans were detained for “political reasons.”  And in January of this year, 1,474 people were detained.

While no one knows the exact number of Cuba’s prisoners of conscience, the following list of 51 prisoners compiled by Directorio represents thousands more who are oppressed and silenced by the repressive Cuban regime. Please take the time to sign and share this Change.org petition calling on the media to cover those who continue to suffer under the oppressive yoke of communism.

  1. Yasiel Espino Aceval
  2. Alexander Palacio Reyes. On December 7, 2015 was arrested along with Felipe Martin Companioni after distributing fliers on a horse drawn cart demanding the freedom of political prisoners. He is being held at Ceramica Roja prison in Cuba.[33]Sentence: For the crime of attempt, five years of deprivation of liberties, and for each crime of threat, 10 months of deprivation of liberties, as well as an overall sentence of five year of deprivation of liberties. Accused of: attempt and threats. Date of birth: March 16, 1973. Family member in charge: his wife Yunisleisi Soto García. Personal Address: Calle Madame Curie entre C y Rio Numero 427 fondo. Reparto Sánchez Soto Camagüey Date of arrest: December 10, 2015. Illness: high blood pressure and a hernia. Contact phone number: Through Alexander Pérez Aguilar, 54036598. Organization: Pro-Democratic Movement Pedro Luis Boitel, Camagüey province. Age: 42.
  3. Alexis Serrano Avila
  4. Andres Fidel Alfondo Rodriguez.Political Prisoner Andrés Fidel Alfonso Rodríguez from Catalina de Güines, Mayabeque province, is a member of the Human Rights of Cuba party, affiliated with the Adrei Sajarov Foundation and the National Resistance Front Orlando Zapata Tamayo. He was sentenced to four and a half years at the Melena del Sur prison, Mayabeque province, for the crime of assault. The address is Calle 30 # 2708 e/ 27 y Final Catalina de Güines, Porvincia Mayabeque. His ID # 98113009626. His wife is Margarita Gil Salguero. He was detained on December 24, 2013. He has been denied all of the rights that are offered to inmates because of his refusal to wear the appropriate clothing and to take part in the regimes rehabilitation programs. This information was given by Ricardo Lazaro Fiallo e Iliam Marrero.[21]
  5. Ernesto Borges Pérez.Charges: He was the captain of the secret police of the Ministry of Interior when he was arrested. He was tried at a military trial.
  6. Carlos Amaury Calderin Roca
  7. Maria del Carmen Cala Aguilera
  8. Enrique Bartolomé Cambria Diaz
  9. Misael Canel Velazquez. Arrested on December 17, 2015 and taken to the Third Police Precinct better known as “Monte Carlo” for taking part in protest demanding freedom for Javier Jouz Varona. He initiated a hunger strike on December 17, was held for 96 hours, then briefly freed on December 21, 2015. He was taken into custody again that same day, and this time taken to Ceramica Roja prison. He re-started the hunger strike on December 22, 2015 and was transferred to Kilo 8 prison.[28],[29]Prison: Kilo 8, better known as “The 26.” Sentence: not yet defined. Accused of: attempt, resistance, disobedience, illegal business, and damaging state property. Date of birth: June 27, 1973. Family member in charge: His brother, Alexander Canet Velázquez. 2do pasaje de Vazque Numero 11 B entre callejón de Vazque y 1ra Reparto Cerdeira Camagüey. Personal Address: Edificio 19 Apartamento 7 Micro Distrito Ignacio Agramontés Camagüey. Illness: none. Contact phone number: Teléf. 53966244. Organization: National Resistance Front “Orlando Zapata Tamayo” and Commanding Chief in Action and Propaganda: Aniceto Cuesta González en la provincia de Camagüey. Age: 42.
  10. Santiago Cisneros Castellanos
  11. Leonardo Cobas Pérez
  12. Felipe Martin Companioni. On December 7, 2015, Felipe Martin Companioni was arrested along with Alexander Palacio Reyes after distributing fliers on a horse drawn cart demanding the freedom of political prisoners. He is being held at Ceramica Roja prison in Cuba.[30],[31],[32]Sentence: for attempt, seven years of deprivation of liberties and for each crime of threats, one year of deprivation of liberties, as well eight years of deprivation of liberties. Charges: attempt and threats. Date of birth: June 6, 1970. Family member in charge: Felipe Martin Machado. Calle Madame Curie Edificio 2 Apartamento 9 entre B y C Reparto Previsora Camagüey. Personal Address: Calle Madame Curie Edificio 2 Apartamento 9 entre B y C Reparto Previsora Camagüey. Date of arrest: December 10, 2015. Illness: None. Contact phone number: Through Alexander Pérez Aguilar, 54036598. Organization: Pro-Democratic Movement Pedro Luis Boitel, Camagüey province. Age: 45 years old.
  13. Orlando Contreras Aguilar. Orlando Contreras Aguilar was arrested in February 2014. He was accused of stealing a car that was bought by his uncle. When he was arrested he was traveling with his uncle and his cousin, all of whom were also arrested. His uncle and nephew were released, but Orlando was taken to Valle Grande prison. Orlando claims his arrest was due to his political activism and the charges he was accused of were trumped up. He belongs to National Resistance Front “Orlando Zapata Tamayo.”
  14. Yeri Curbelo Aguilera
  15. Pedro de la Caridad Alvarez Pedroso
  16. Jordys Manuel Dosil
  17. Carlos Manuel Figueroa. On Wednesday, September 30, 2015, Carlos Manuel Figueroa, a former Cuban political prisoner released earlier this year, made news over social media. Beginning at 3:28 pm, Ivan Hernandez Carrillo tweeted: “A man jumped the fence of the US embassy in Havana this morning with cries of Down With Raul!!!” A few minutes later, thanks to Ivan, the identity and fate of the man was known: “the citizen was identified as Carlos Manuel Figueroa, who protection authorities handed over to police immediately.” Three hours later at 6:21pm, the news took an ominous turn with the same Cuban journalist reporting that while in custody Carlos Manuel was beaten up by the military. EFE news wire is reporting that the Cuban dissident is missing. The US embassy is refusing to confirm what transpired, citing security concerns.[18]According to the Associated Press, Figueroa was held on charges of violating a diplomatic site.[19]He was released on January 20, 2016.[20]
  18. David Fernández Cardoso
  19. José Daniel Gonzalez Fumero
  20. Ricardo González Sendiña
  21. Ariel González Sendiña
  22. Eglis Heredia Rodríguez
  23. Mario Alberto Hernández Leyva. A veteran activist, he was beaten and arrested by police on May 26, 2014, during a peaceful protest. As of late June, his whereabouts were unknown, according to a report in Primavera Digital.[22]He was released following the announcement of the resumption of diplomatic relations between Cuba and the United States. Mario Alberto Hernández Leyva, from the Opposition Movement for a New Republic, was detained on November 1, 2015 and was transferred from the 6th police unit to the Valle Grande prison.[23],[24] The reason for his detainment is yet to be released.
  24. Geovanys Izaguirre Hernandez. “Geovanys Izaguirre Hernandez and Laudelino Rodriguez Mendoza were arbitrarily arrested on November 5, 2015, taken to the police station in the city of Palma Soriano where in the morning both received summary judgments and were sentenced to six months in political prison, according to information the military gave to the wife of Geovanys Hernandez Izaguirre. This case comes as a result of failing to pay a fine imposed on both activists when they were blamed for anti-government graffiti that appeared in Palma Soriano. In the past both activists were brutally beaten by Cuban agents when they were defending families that were being unjustly evicted from their homes.”[7]On January 22, 2016, Geovanys wife, Isora Torres Bicet, claimed that “her husband had called the guard, who said that he should stay there.” Geovanys defended the jailed man, so that he would die there, but the guard beat Geovanys, and smashed his head, poked his eye, broke his finger and his arm. “They didn’t tell me who beat him up, they only said that he had been attacked because he defended the convict.”[8]
  25. Rolando Erismelio Jaco García.Rolando Erismelio Jaco García was detained in the same events as Alexander Palacio Reyes and Felipe Martínez Companiones for recording them. Prison: Cerámica Roja. Sanction: under investigation. Accused of: under investigation. Date of birth: 1969. Family member in charge: Yamilka La O García. Calle 5ta entre 4ta y San Miguelito Numero 203 Reparto El Porvenir Camagüey. Personal Address: Calle 5ta entre 4ta y San Miguelito Numero 203 Reparto El Porvenir Camagüey. Date of arrest: January 12, 2016. Illness: None. Contact phone number: Alexander Pérez Aguilar, 5403659. Organization: Movimiento Pro-Democrático Pedro Luis Boitel Provincia de Camagüey. Age: 47.
  26. Javier Jouz Varona.Detained and physically assaulted by the political police over a period of ten hours due to his opposition activities along with Ediyersis Santana Jouz (both of the Orlando Zapata Tamayo National Civic Resistance Front).[34]Javier was charged with “social dangerousness” and sentenced to three years in prison by the Provincial Tribunal of Camaguey on December 17, 2015.[35]Prison: Kilo 9. Sanction: 3 years of deprivation of liberties. Accused of: danger to society. Date of birth: April 9, 1987. Family member in charge: Dayami Rivero Soler. Calle B Número 18 entre 2da y 3ra reparto Imán Camagüey. Personal Address: Calle B Número 18 entre 2da y 3ra reparto Imán Camagüey. Date of arrest: December 14, 2015. Illness: high blood pressure. Contact phone number: wife, 54180923. Organization: Frente Nacional de Resistencia “Orlando Zapata Tamayo.” Age: 28.
  27. Isain López Luna
  28. Noel López Gonzalez
  29. Michael Mediaceja Ramos
  30. Osmaní Mendosa Ferrior
  31. Mario Morera Jardines
  32. Ernesto Ortega Sarduy
  33. Alexander Palacio Reyes
  34. Ricardo Pelier Frómeta
  35. Fernando Isael Peña Tamayo
  36. Silverio Portal Contreras.Silverio Portal Contraras was sentenced to two years of deprivation of liberty for offending the figure of the Commander in Chief Fidel Castro, where he stated that Fidel was starving the Cuban people, and that the articles that Fidel published in the newspaper Granma were only useful to “wipe your ass.” The incidents occurred on the morning of June 12, 2011, when in the P11 bus line, coming from east Havana, Silverio started yelling what he thought about the Cuban Revolution. He was arrested then and there, and was beaten by two uniformed agents. The municipal tribunal of Old Havana took into account the “danger to society” his crime posed and the bad behavior that he had during the trial, at which he yelled “Long live human rights.” Due to all of this, he was assigned to serve his sentenced at the 1580 prison of the Guanabacoa county. Silverio Portal Contreras is 44 years old, and he is an active member of the opposition movement Alternative Republic, as well as a participant of “the Dissident” in the Central Park; he is also a devout Catholic and a businessman.[25],[26] After his release, he is still being threatened by state security. He was arbitrarily detained on October 19, 2015 “by police agents who suspected his activities to be against the government.”[27] Lourdes Esquivel Vieyto—secretary of the Opposition Movement for a New Republic and of the national executive of the Ladies in White—claimed that the political prisoners Mario Alberto Hernández Leyva and Silverio Portal Contreras have been transferred to punishment cells and are in isolation. She also added that both activists have been denied medical assistance. The Opposition Movement for a New Republic, along with the National Front of Civic Resistance “Orlando Zapata Tamayo,” blame the regime for the physical integrity of both fighters.
  37. Humberto Eladio Real Suarez.Sentence: 30 years. Charges: Anti-Castro military. He came from the US as part of an infiltration team.
  38. René Rouco Machin
  39. Laudelino Rodriguez Mendoza. “Geovanys Izaguirre Hernandez and Laudelino Rodriguez Mendoza were arbitrarily arrested on November 5, 2015, taken to the police station in the city of Palma Soriano where in the morning both received summary judgments and sentenced to six months in political prison, according to information the military gave to the wife of Geovanys Hernandez Izaguirre. This case comes as a result of failing to pay a fine imposed on both activists when they were blamed for anti-government graffiti that appeared in Palma Soriano. In the past both activists were brutally beaten by Cuban agents when they were defending families that were being unjustly evicted from their homes.”[9]
  40. Leoncio Rodriguez Poncio
  41. Alfredo Luis Limonte Rodriguez
  42. Elieski Roque Chongo
  43. Alexander Alan Rodríguez
  44. Reinier Rodríguez Mendoza
  45. Mario Ronaide Figueroa Reyes
  46. Yoelkis Rozábal Flores
  47. Daniel Candelario Santovenia Fernández.Sentence: 30 years. Charges: Anti-Castro military. He came from the US with two others to infiltrate Cuba. One of the two men was executed.
  48. Emilio Serrano Rodríguez
  49. Armando Sosa Fortuny.Sentence: 30 years. Charges: Anti-Castro military. He came from the US with two others to infiltrate Cuba (October 15, 1994 PUND).
  50. Liusban John Ultra
  51. Armado Verdecía Díaz

 

 

[1] Amnesty International. Urgent Action April 2, 2015https://www.amnestyusa.org/sites/default/files/uaa07715.pdf

[2] Cuba: Political dissident must be released: Ciro Alexis Casanova Pérez By Amnesty International, 2 April 2015, Index number: AMR 25/1379/2015 https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/amr25/1379/2015/en/

[3]  URGENT ACTION PRISONER OF CONSCIENCE RELEASED: Cuban prisoner of conscience Ciro Alexis Casanova Pérez was released from prison in Villa Clara province on 10 June / Amnesty Internationalhttps://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR2525232015ENGLISH.pdf

[4] Cuba: Further information: Prisoner of conscience released: Ciro Alexis Casanova Pérez https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/amr25/2523/2015/en/

[5] 2015/11/18 Cuba: Ongoing arbitrary detention of human rights defender Hugo Damián Prieto Blanco amidst arbitrary arrests and judicial harassment of peaceful demonstrators / Frontline Defenders https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/node/30115

[6] https://twitter.com/ivanlibre/status/690126072126541826

[7]CUBAN RESISTANCE ASSEMBLY DENOUNCES SUMMARY JUDGMENT AND POLITICAL PRISON SENTENCE OF TWO CUBAN RESITANCE ACTIVISTS OF FRENTE NACIONAL DE RESISTENCIA CÍVICA ORLANDO ZAPATA TAMAYO AND ALIANZA DEMOCRÁTICA ORIENTALhttps://web.archive.org/web/20151127055905/http://www.directorio.org/pressreleases/note.php?note_id=4592

[8] Golpean Violentamente Preso Politico Geovanys Izaguirre Hernándezhttp://directorio.org/news/3780096

[9]CUBAN RESISTANCE ASSEMBLY DENOUNCES SUMMARY JUDGMENT AND POLITICAL PRISON SENTENCE OF TWO CUBAN RESITANCE ACTIVISTS OF FRENTE NACIONAL DE RESISTENCIA CÍVICA ORLANDO ZAPATA TAMAYO AND ALIANZA DEMOCRÁTICA ORIENTALhttps://web.archive.org/web/20151127055905/http://www.directorio.org/pressreleases/note.php?note_id=4592

[10] Yosvani Melchor Rodriguez on conditonal release after 1991 days of arbitrary detention http://cubanexilequarter.blogspot.com/2015/08/finally-with-his-family-after-5-years.html

[11]Help save the life of a Cuban political prisoner by calling on Cuban government to free him now  http://cubanexilequarter.blogspot.com/2015/12/help-save-life-of-cuban-political.html

[12]Good News! – Cuba: Danilo Maldonado Machado (‘El Sexto’) Released (214/15)http://www.amnestyusa.org/get-involved/take-action-now/good-news-cuba-danilo-maldonado-machado-%E2%80%98el-sexto-released-21415

[13]Cuba must release graffiti artist jailed for painting Castros’ names on pigs’ back /Amnesty https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2015/09/cuba-must-release-graffiti-artist-jailed-for-painting-castros-names-on-pigs-back/

[14] Cuba Frees 53 Prisoners, U.S. Says by Elisabeth Malkin and Victoria Burnett. January 12, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/13/world/americas/cuba-frees-53-prisoners-in-deal-to-restore-us-relations.html?_r=0

[15]Detenido el opositor Jorge Ramírez Calderón por causa indeterminada / Diario de Cuba http://www.diariodecuba.com/derechos-humanos/1450480008_18949.html

[16] Las autoridades penitenciarias esconden el paradero del opositor Jorge Ramírez Calderón a su familia / DDC http://www.diariodecuba.com/derechos-humanos/1452448660_19377.html

[17] Denuncian la ‘brutal golpiza’ a un preso político declarado en huelga de hambre en Guantánamo / DDC http://www.diariodecuba.com/derechos-humanos/1452798714_19490.html

[18] Detienen a un opositor que saltó verja de embajada de EE.UU.https://www.cubanet.org/noticias/detienen-a-un-opositor-que-salto-verja-de-embajada-de-ee-uu/

[19] Cuban dissidents leaving country amid shift in US policyhttp://www.wral.com/cuban-dissidents-leaving-country-amid-shift-in-us-policy/15221476/

[20] Opositores excarcelados relatan tormentos de la cárcel en Cubahttp://www.martinoticias.com/content/opositores-excarcekados-testimonian-el-horror-de-la-carcel-en-cuba/113652.html

[21] Directorio Democrático Cubano (January 12, 2015 and February 9, 2015)

[22] http://marcmasferrer.typepad.com/uncommon_sense/2014/08/cuban-political-prisoner-of-the-day-mario-alberto-hernandez-leyva-aug-10-2014.html

[23]Informe del vigésimo noveno (29) domingo represivo del DSE contra el Movimiento Damas de Blanco, y de Resistenciahttp://www.damasdeblanco.org/index.php/derechos-humanos/2146-informe-del-vigesimo-noveno-29-domingo-represivo-del-dse-contra-el-movimiento-damas-de-blanco-y-de-resistencia

[24] Devuelto a la cárcel otro preso de la lista de 53 excarcelados en enero

Published November 7, 2015 | By Cubaverdadhttp://www.cubaverdad.net/weblog/2015/11/devuelto-a-la-carcel-otro-preso-de-la-lista-de-53-excarcelados-en-enero/

[25] Sancionado un opositor en Cuba por gritar en un Ómnibus en contra del Dictador y sus reflexiones. Sancionado por Desacato. Por: Mario Hechavarria Driggs.*http://buenavistavcuba.blogspot.com/2011/12/sancionado-un-opositor-en-cuba-por.html

[26] Protesta cívica en el Poder Popular de Centro Habana martes, enero 27, 2015http://www.cihpress.com/2015/01/protesta-civica-en-el-poder-popular-de.html#.Vp7FL1lJNVo

[27] COMISION CUBANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS Y RECONCILIACION NACIONAL “CUBA:  ALGUNOS  ACTOS  DE  REPRESION POLITICA  EN  EL  MES  DE OCTUBRE DE  2015 http://www.14ymedio.com/nacional/Informe-CCDHRN-Octubre_CYMFIL20151102_0001.pdf

[28] Por qué está preso el activista de derechos humanos Misael Canet Velazquezhttps://youtu.be/8F_VO9UCRIE

[29] Activista político se declara en huelga de hambre https://youtu.be/G2cD_kQALnc

[30] Directorio Democrático Cubano.

[31] Diciembre 14 de 2015, Juan Carlos González Leiva. Colegio de Abogados Cubanos.

[32] Diciembre 14 de 2015, Juan Carlos González Leiva. Colegio de Abogados Cubanos.

[33] Directorio Democrático Cubano.

[34] COMISION CUBANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS Y RECONCILIACION NACIONAL “CUBA:  ALGUNOS  ACTOS  DE  REPRESION POLITICA  EN  EL  MES  DE  DICIEMBRE DE 2015http://www.14ymedio.com/nacional/Comision_Cubana_de_Derechos_Humanos_y_Reconciliacion_Nacional-diciembre-2015_CYMFIL20160104_0001.pdf

[35] Activista político se declara en huelga de hambre / December 29, 2015https://youtu.be/G2cD_kQALnc

[36] Un año de cárcel para rapero que cantó con Silvio Rodríguez por “peligrosidad social pre-delictiva” Diario de las Americas 1 de Feb 2015http://www.diariolasamericas.com/4847_cuba/2927728_ano-carcel-rapero-canto-silvio-rodriguez.html

[37]Cuban Political Prisoners of the Day, Roberto Hernandez & Wilberto Parada, Aug. 8, 2014 http://marcmasferrer.typepad.com/uncommon_sense/2014/08/cuban-political-prisoners-of-the-day-roberto-hernandez-wilberto-parada-aug-8-2014.html

[38]Liberated Cuban prisoners to Obama: No more deals like the one that freed us! Patrick Symmes for Yahoo News March 27, 2015 https://www.yahoo.com/politics/liberated-cuban-prisoners-to-obama-no-more-deals-114592521866.html

[39] https://twitter.com/ArcelioMolina/status/663512432871084032

[40]http://www.14ymedio.com/nacional/Comision_Cubana_de_Derechos_Humanos_y_Reconciliacion_Nacional-diciembre-2015_CYMFIL20160104_0001.pdf

[41]Cuban Political Prisoners of the Day, Roberto Hernandez & Wilberto Parada, Aug. 8, 2014 http://marcmasferrer.typepad.com/uncommon_sense/2014/08/cuban-political-prisoners-of-the-day-roberto-hernandez-wilberto-parada-aug-8-2014.html

[42] Opositores excarcelados relatan tormentos de la cárcel en Cubahttp://www.martinoticias.com/content/opositores-excarcekados-testimonian-el-horror-de-la-carcel-en-cuba/113652.html

[43] https://youtu.be/kQaLKgaEED4

[44] https://youtu.be/XjYlICJBOqI

[45] Liberados los opositores Hugo Damián Prieto Blanco y Wilberto Parada Milán DDC | La Habana | 21 Ene 2016  http://www.diariodecuba.com/derechos-humanos/1453373750_19636.html

[46] Opositores excarcelados relatan tormentos de la cárcel en Cubahttp://www.martinoticias.com/content/opositores-excarcekados-testimonian-el-horror-de-la-carcel-en-cuba/113652.html

[47] ¿Quiénes son los presos políticos que quedan por liberar en Cuba? Diario Las Américas. Fuente: Comisión Cubana de Derechos Humanos y Reconciliación Nacional (CCDHRN).  http://www.diariolasamericas.com/5133_cambio-historico/2880967_organizacion-ddhh-cuba-menciona-otros-presos-deberian-ser-excarcelados.html

 

 

 


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